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Abortion pill

Complete information about the abortion pill

Abortion pill in the UK. Complete information about the necessary requirements for abortions pill

The abortion pill also called abortion drug or chemical abortion is a method of pregnancy termination consisting of ingesting a drug, popularly called the abortion with pill.

This method applies only to abortions up to 9 weeks (63 days) of pregnancy and should always be administered under strict medical supervision.

The abortion pill is 97-99% effective.

Abortion pill: abortion pill RU-486

The Abortion pill comprises mifepristone, which is a synthetic hormone which stops the production of the progesterone hormone needed for a successful pregnancy and also stops its development. This along with misoprostol (a semisynthetic analogue of prostaglandin) is used to induce labour and contractions of the uterus.

The abortion pill should not be confused with the morning after pill which is actually an emergency contraceptive.

Abortion pill: protocol

The following is the usual protocol that is followed when performing a termination using the abortion pill method, but this is only a guide so for further information please contact one of the abortion clinics that perform this method and they will solve any queries.

Before administering any medication, the pregnancy must be confirmed with an ultrasound and a blood test which will also indicate how many weeks pregnant the woman is.

1 - The gynaecologist will administer the abortion pill RU-486 (three mifepristone tablets) and then the patient can go home. Normally the healthcare provider will prescribe antibiotics too.

2 - 36-48 hours later, the patient should return to the clinic to be given another tablet, in this case it is prostaglandin, a drug that contracts the uterus and causes bleeding to expel all of the embryonic tissue from the woman.

During this process, the patient stays in the clinic for about 4 hours under medical supervision.

3 - Two weeks after, the patient then returns to the clinic for an ultrasound to verify in a more controlled way the full expulsion of the embryo.

Approximately 80% of women begin the expulsion process between 5 and 6 hours after taking the misoprostol.

Abortion pill: side effects

The following are the possible side effects of taking the abortion pill:

- Pain: The pains that one can experience are similar to period pains but slightly stronger and usually go away on their own without medication. If the pain persists, then pain killers will be prescribed.

- Bleeding occurs when the embryo is being expulsed and can be heavier than normal period bleeding. The bleeding lasts longer than that of a surgical abortion and can last more than a week.

If you experience very heavy bleeding which is also accompanied by a fever then you should consult the doctor that attended you.

- Nausea: the prostaglandin that accompanies the medication can cause nausea and in some cases diarrhoea, more than anything this medicine causes an upset stomach.

- It can cause hot and cold feelings, temperature changes.

 It is usually recommended to take Ibuprofen or Tylenol to alleviate the symptoms described. You should never take aspirin to relieve them.

Abortion pill: complications

The following are some of the possible complications that can occur when taking the abortion pill:

- Ineffectiveness of the method: it is estimated that in between 3 and 5% of cases the chemical does not work to successfully terminate the pregnancy and a surgical abortion must be resorted to.

- Incomplete expulsion: In this case intervention will be required to complete the process conveniently.


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